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What is CBD? | CBD Effects & How to Use It

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CBD stands for Cannabidiol, and it’s a cannabinoid that naturally occurs in the cannabis plant.

Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that bind to the endocannabinoid receptors in our bodies, particularly CB1 and CB2. They help to regulate bodily functions, and can assist with everything from hormone production to easing tension in the mind and body.

CBD is the new buzzword in Canadian healthcare, but what’s all the chatter about?

Continue reading to learn more information about cannabidiol and the way it helps the human body. Click the links below to jump to a specific section.

What does CBD Do?

CBD vs. THC

What does CBD Feel Like?

Types of CBD

What are High-CBD Strains?

CBD Benefits

How to Use CBD with Your Favorite Devices

CBD for Pets

Side Effects of Using CBD

What does CBD Do?

The endogenous cannabinoid system (ECS), also known as the endocannabinoid system, is present in all animals, whether they are invertebrates or vertebrates. The ECS is the most important regulatory system in your body when it comes to establishing and maintaining optimal health.

While CBD doesn’t interact directly with the ECS, it influences cannabinoid signaling systems. Cannabidiol works as a leader, delegating tasks to different receptors and ion channels to bring the body back into harmony.

Among the many significant health benefits are anti-inflammatory effects, anti-psychotic effects, and anxiolytic effects – otherwise known as anxiety reduction.

 

CBD vs. THC

 

THC and CBD come from the same cannabis plant, but they provide different healing benefits.

Both of these cannabinoids have 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms, but the difference between CBD and THC is still all in the atoms, which are arranged differently. This is the key difference in the way they each affect the body.

THC enters the body and affects receptors in the brain that control emotions and pain, while CBD works with elements in the body that promote wellbeing. Together, they utilize what is referred to as the entourage effect – in essence, CBD works better with THC and vice-versa.

Medicinal cannabis with extract oil in a bottle of Formula CBD THC

What does CBD Feel Like?

CBD is biphasic, which means that at different dosage levels it will have different effects in the body.

A person who takes a small dosage may feel focused and a larger dosage may make that same person calmer, for example.

When you take CBD, and you take it regularly, your body will become more adjusted to the feeling. First time users may experience a deeper calm as their body gets used to the increase in cannabinoids.

Overall, it’s difficult to say how a patient may feel after taking CBD. The outcome will depend on the user, the dosage, and the form the CBD is taken in. Always consult a doctor before beginning a regimen.

Too much can cause you to become very happy

Types of CBD Products

2019 marks the year that CBD will be completely legal for sale in all of Canada for the first time ever. This is following the 2018 Cannabis Act that states,

“other products, such as edibles and concentrates, will be legal for sale approximately one year after the Cannabis Act has come into force.”

As the industry prepares for its potentially impressive future, it’s a good idea to be prepared for what you can buy. For more information on the various forms of CBD, continue reading.

Some of the most popular ways to take CBD include:

  • capsules or pills
  • edibles
  • isolates
  • oil
  • salve
  • tinctures
  • weed or flower

The various ways to take CBD range from rubbing lotion onto your skin, to eating edibles, smoking weed, and even dropping concentrated CBD under your tongue. Each form has its benefits, but what really matters is what type of CBD you are getting.

The 3 different types of CBD extracts:

Full-Spectrum Broad-Spectrum Nano CBD
This type of CBD includes other phytocannabinoids such as THC, CBN, THCA, CBC, and CBG. This type is the same as full spectrum, but without THC. Nano CBD is made up of water-soluble molecules of cannabidiol that are less than 100nm in size, which allows the CBD easier passage through the body.

Each type of CBD has its benefits, but full spectrum is the best overall, thanks to the entourage effect. Patients can experience enhanced effects while taking increased dosages of full-spectrum CBD.

Tincture CBD

What are High-CBD Strains?

High-CBD strains are cannabis plants grown specifically to have increased levels of cannabidiol. They help manage appetite and mental issues like anxiety or depression. Similar to THC cannabis, high-CBD strains can offer different effects based on the terpenes in the flower, too. This helps when trying to find the perfect strain for you.

CBD Benefits

Cannabidiol makes the endocannabinoid system in the body more efficient. It regulates functions related to hormone balance, pain, appetite, swelling, and can improve blood sugar levels.

CBD has many benefits, but the most popular are:

Woman is calm after taking CBD

1. Anxiety & Depression Relief

When taken for anxiety and depression, CBD oil has tremendous benefits.

Cannabidiol binds with serotonin receptors to help regulate its production. CBD also helps to increase neuron creation in the hippocampus, which is important for reducing anxiety and improving your mood.

Next time you are stressed or depressed, CBD will prevent further uptake of serotonin and the newly created neurons will activate to help your mood.

2. Relief from Migraines

There is limited research related to CBD and migraines, but full-spectrum CBD has been shown to improve migraine-related symptoms. Scientists believe that CBD oil reduces inflammation and pain caused by the migraine similar to the way it helps arthritis patients.

3. Help with Chronic Pain

Due to cannabidiol’s anti-inflammatory effects, patients suffering from chronic pain experience reduced swelling. In addition, analgesic effects help to unclog blood vessels and promote desensitization.

Together, they help relieve symptoms of stress that add to pain, while promoting faster recovery times. CBD is a great way to stay away from prescription pills and the opioid crisis.

4. Insomnia & Sleeping Disorder Relief

There is an abundance of research that shows positive results for patients suffering from sleeping disorders.

CBD works by treating factors that lead to sleeping disorders such as pain, anxiety, and grogginess. As one of CBD’s biphasic effects, it can help increase wakefulness in patients at lower dosages and at higher dosages, promote sleep.

CBD works to bring the body into a calmer state, allowing sleep cycles to naturally establish themselves again.

Devices | How to Use CBD

CBD is easily accessible as an over-the-counter medicine and can be consumed in many ways. This is due to its high availability in the cannabis plant.

CBD can be extracted from the seeds, stalk, and flowers of the plant and converted into various forms that best suit the patient. These forms can be consumed as edibles or smoked using marijuana paraphernalia.

The most common devices for consuming CBD are listed below.

Bongs

A bong is a tubular water pipe with a bowl piece on one end and a mouthpiece on the other.

To smoke CBD out of a bong:

  1. Fill the bong with enough water to cover the stem. Be careful not to overfill – water will splash up on you.
  2. Grind or break down the CBD flower and pack it into the bowl. The weed in the bowl should be tightly packed, but loose enough to allow for airflow.
  3. Use a lighter to burn the CBD weed and inhale through the mouthpiece at the same time.
  4. Lift the bowl and finish the dose by inhaling the rest of the smoke.
  5. Reset by placing the bowl back in place.

Bowls

A bowl is a spoon pipe that has a bowl on one end and a mouthpiece on the other.

To smoke using a bowl:

  1. Grind or break down the CBD flower and pack it into the bowl. The weed in the bowl should be tightly packed, but loose enough to allow for airflow.
  2. Use a lighter to burn the CBD weed and inhale through the mouthpiece at the same time.
  3. Control the dosage by using your finger to block the airflow in the carburetor hole.
  4. When you are ready to finish your dose release your finger from the hole and finish inhaling.

Dab Rigs

Dab rigs are used when consuming concentrated forms of CBD such as wax, shatter, or oil. The method of inhaling is similar to a bong, but higher temperatures are used to vaporize the dab.

Using a dab rig with CBD:

  1. If you are using a torch, light the banger until the base is cherry red. If you are using an electronic nail, the safest temperature range is 375-500 degrees Fahrenheit.
  2. Wait 45-60 seconds to let the banger cool down to a healthy temperature. In the meantime, you can use your dabber tool to scoop the dose you want.
  3. An effective dose for first timers will be no bigger than the size of a pencil tip. Start small and go from there.
  4. Take your dabber tool and drop the CBD concentrate into the banger. Move the tool around as you get all the concentrate to vaporize.
  5. Let the dab nail cool down before taking another dose.

Joints & Blunts

Joints and blunts are the most common way that CBD weed is consumed. Patients break down the flower and roll it into a paper, similar to a pencil in look.

How to smoke using a joint or blunt:

  1. Break down the CBD flower with a grinder or by hand.
  2. Place weed into paper and roll it up.
  3. Light one end and inhale from the other.
  4. You can put it out in an ashtray and light it again when you have inhaled enough doses.

Vape Pens

CBD vape pens are the most convenient way to medicate. Users can be discreet and controlled hits are easier to manage.

How to use a vape pen with CBD:

  1. Screw cartridge into the battery.
  2. Depending on how your battery works, there may be a button to press. Press the button and inhale for 3 seconds.
  3. Let the battery cool down to prevent the heat from burning terpenes in your oil. This will make the oil taste burnt as you reach the end of the cartridge.
  4. Repeat until the desired dosage has been achieved.

There are many ways to consume CBD from edibles to concentrates, or flower. Find the device or method that works best for you to maximize the healing benefits you receive.

CBD for Pets

CBD for dogs

Endocannabinoids are present in our furry friends too. Horses, dogs, and even cats all have cannabinoid receptors and scientists have seen improvements in their physiology when taking CBD.

Consult your veterinarian before starting a regimen. Depending on your pet’s needs, start the dosage small and build up as you see improvements.

Side Effects of Using CBD

Think of CBD like a coach, directing plays on the field. The more CBD you take, the better your coach will be and the easier it is for the team to perform at their best.

Cannabidiol is not addictive and it’s difficult to build up a tolerance to it. If patients find diminishing results over time, they can switch the time of day they take CBD. This helps regulate different hormone cycles.

As CBD helps in facilitating the maintenance of the body’s natural processes, this can result in side effects that aren’t expected.

If your body needs sleep and you take CBD, you may feel fatigued. It may seem like cannabidiol is making you tired, but it is only showing you how tired you are.

CBD simply regulates the processes in your body that are already occurring.

While all of this is true, Mayo Clinic recognizes there are circumstances where CBD causes adverse side-effects, such as:

  • dry mouth
  • diarrhea
  • reduced appetite
  • drowsiness
  • fatigue

Also, CBD can interfere with blood thinners and other prescription medications, so consult your doctor to make sure it’s safe before beginning a regimen.

If you’re interested in trying CBD for yourself, there are a variety of ways to enjoy it to experience its many healing benefits. See what we have available in our online store.

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